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Post Info TOPIC: algea biofuel, kelp, deep sea pyrolysis process, integration of offshore installations, omega


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algea biofuel, kelp, deep sea pyrolysis process, integration of offshore installations, omega
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Algea biofuel, kelp oil, 79% conversion rate. Hot water pyrolysis kelp to oil, deep sea vent hot water under pressure, unlimited resources, no new energy infrastructure, carbon cycle closed, massive production possible, no environment impact by refineries to build. Worldwide oil tanker fleet and pipelne distribution sistem stays in service. Omega sistem microalgea, integration of offshore installations to produce food, energy, fuel is key to cost feasibility.

Get a foothold in ocean colonization technology.

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t49529137/oceanic-frontier-develpment-investment-foothold-in-ocean-col/

 

. .

How a deep sea pyrolysis refinery may look like - ocean colonization will be a natural stepping stone to space colonization first we need to "go where no one has gone before" to create sustainability on our home planet.

In this context see the ocean sphere: (http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56239662/oceanic-concrete-sphere-habitat/ )

The oceanic oil/gas industry is a massive industry with a worldwide infrastructure in place already. What we need to do is "close the loop of the process" to make it sustainable. A tanker unloading fossil fuel on a floating terminal (Adriatic LNG - floating concrete honeycomb structure - floating processing facility) to supply Europe with energy over a subaquatic pipeline that comes ashore in a port....

In a future tankers will be filled not on fossil fuel oil fields, but on giant oceanic kelp processing facilities that take the same CO2 quantity out of the athmosphere as the users of the fuel release back into the atmosphere when burning the fuel.

By regulating the quote fossil/kelp oil / humanity can actually "fine tune"  the planetay atmosphere to avoid ice ages and global warming in the centuries to come.

A fine tuned climate regulation to allow for a undisrupted human development on earth, will be another technology necessary for humanity growing out of its childhood pants ( http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58993851/humanity-growing-out-of-its-childhood-pants/ ) .

 



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fast hydrothermal liquefaction

 

Turning Humble Seaweed to Biofuel


A Norwegian research group has been able to achieve bio-oil yields of 79 percent from a common kelp, much higher than other attempts. The secret is to heat the kelp very quickly and bring it to the right temperature within seconds.

Nancy Bazilchuk, Norwegian University of Science and Technology
octubre 22, 2014

The sea has long been a source of Norway’s riches, whether from cod, farmed salmon or oil. Now one researcher hopes to add seaweed to this list as he refines a way to produce “biocrude” from common kelp.

“What we are trying to do is to mimic natural processes to produce oil,” said Khanh-Quang Tran, an associate professor in Norwegian University of Science and Technology's (NTNU) Department of Energy and Process Engineering. “However, while petroleum oil is produced naturally on a geologic time scale, we can do it in minutes.”

Tran conducted preliminary studies using sugar kelp (Laminaria saccharina), which grows naturally along the Norwegian coast. His results have just been published in the academic journal Algal Research.


The Breakthrough

Using small quartz tube “reactors” — which look like tiny sealed straws — Tran heated the reactor containing a slurry made from the kelp biomass and water to 350 degrees C at a very high rate of 585 degrees C per minute.

The technique, called fast hydrothermal liquefaction, gave him a bio-oil yield of 79 percent. That means that 79 percent of the kelp biomass in the reactors was converted to bio-oil. A similar study in the U.K. using the same species of kelp yielded just 19 percent. The secret, Tran said, is the rapid heating.

Falling Short on Biofuel Production

Biofuel has long been seen as a promising way to help shift humankind towards a more sustainable and climate friendly lifestyle. The logic is simple: petroleum-like fuels made from crops or substances take up CO2 as they grow and release that same CO2 when they are burned, so they are essentially carbon-neutral.

In its report “Tracking Clean Energy Progress 2014,” the International Energy Agency (IEA) says that biofuel production worldwide was 113 billion litres in 2013, and could reach 140 billion litres by 2018.

That may sound like a lot — but the IEA says biofuel production will need to grow 22-fold by 2025 to produce the amount of biofuel the world will need to keep global temperatures from rising more than 2oC.

The problem is the biomass feedstock. It’s relatively easy to turn corn or sugar beets into ethanol that we can pump right into our petrol tanks. But using food biomass for fuel is more and more problematic as the world’s population climbs towards 8 billion and beyond.

To get around this problem, biofuel is now produced from non-food biomass including agricultural residues, land-based energy crops such as fast-growing trees and grasses, and aquatic crops such as seaweed and microalgae.

All of these feedstocks have their challenges, especially those that are land based. At least part of the issue is the fact that crops for biofuel could potentially displace crops for food.

However, seaweed offers all of the advantages of a biofuel feedstock with the additional benefit of growing, not surprisingly, in the sea.

Scaling Up

But turning big pieces of slippery, salty kelp into biocrude is a challenge, too. Some studies have used catalysts, which are added chemicals that can help make the process go more quickly or easily. However, catalysts are normally expensive and require catalyst recovery.

The UK study that resulted in a 19 percent yield used a catalyst in its process.

Tran says the advantage of his process is that it is relatively simple and does not need a catalyst. The high heating rate also results in a biocrude that has molecular properties that will make it easier to refine.

But Tran’s experiments were what are called screening tests. He worked with batch reactors that were small and not suitable for an industrial scale. “When you want to scale up the process you have to work with a flow reactor,” or a reactor with a continuous flow of reactants and products, he said. “I already have a very good idea for such a reactor.”

The Outlook

Even though the preliminary tests gave a yield of 79 percent, Tran believes he can improve the results even more. He’s now looking for industrial partners and additional funding to continue his research.



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Deep Sea hot water pyrolysis

 

based on what is said here: concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58921987/sustainability-population-growth-consumption-growth-ocean-co/ it is clear that any technology to supply for a base need like, energy, food, and housing of a 7 billion population needs to be supermassive and can not be based on land. The beauty of the kelp to oil project is that its basic industrial requirement water under heat and pressure for a pyrolysis process, exists naturally and freely available in supermassive quantities in the deep sea of the mid ocean ridge, where human activity will focus for a variety of other reasons (mineral, vent base alpha) – concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t50051529/vent-base-alpha-wired/ the oil will come in tankers from sea and supply land based urban centers just as it is done now – with no “brand new infrastructure” to develop, closing the global carbon cycle for sustainability and taking no landspace away from nature.

 

Captain Nemo business

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

 

Get a foothold in ocean colonization:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t49529137/oceanic-frontier-develpment-investment-foothold-in-ocean-col/

 

The Captain Nemo Lifestyle:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

 

Why oceanic business is the next big thing to come:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56680633/the-reasons-why-oceanic-business-is-the-next-big-thing-to-co/

 

Ocean sphere fish farming:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t55433095/ocean-sphere-the-next-wave-of-sustainable-fish-farming/

 

Ocean colonization gallery:

 

http://imulead.com/tolimared/concretesubmarine/picturegallery/concept/

 

Big things have small beginnings ocean colonization transition, potential:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58002383/big-things-have-small-beginnings-transition-capability-key-f/

 

Sustainability on Planet Earth only the oceans can safe us:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58921987/sustainability-population-growth-consumption-growth-ocean-co/

 

Free spirited oceanic lifestyle global mobility:

 

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58935854/subdue-to-nobody/



-- Edited by admin on Tuesday 2nd of December 2014 08:11:44 PM

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"East Indiaman" business and technolgy drive new frontiers... has always been so in history. Before we go to space colonization ocean colonization is the next big thing to come. Get a foothold in ocean colonization create the next East India Company make a fortune on a new developing frontier ... http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t49529137/oceanic-frontier-develpment-investment-foothold-in-ocean-col/



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RE: algea biofuel, kelp, deep sea pyrolysis process
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the ocean itself would do most of the work to harvest and transport the kelp and concentrate it in a few specific spots where the infamous "plastic patches" float (gyre). It could be so simple like building a 1km long concrete pipe with the technology of TROLL-A sticking the end into a hydrothermal vent sistem. You keep filling it from above in a continous robotic process, and all what arrives at the bottom is under heat and pressure just right for pyrolysis - you get the transformed oil into a raiser pipe back on the surface (it floats by buoyancy) and ship it out to the urban centers.

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world oil requirement

 

This is "the size of the industry to develop" roughly 90.000.000 tons of kelp to grow per day.... you can call this a really "massive industry" that kind of massive things can only be developed on the ocean - not on land.

To wrap your mind around that number this is 18.000 shiploads of kelp to grow and process per day!!!

It is conceivable that a installation the size of a oil platform can process 20 shiploads of kelp a day - processing one shipload per hour. So we need some 1000 of that installations distributed along the mid ocean ridges all built before we have a global sistem breakdown due to climate change. We better start building that soon...billionairs will be created on that industry frontier.

 

 



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This oceanic industry will definitly require and create floating cities on the ocean...

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With the price of oil dropping, kelp biofuel doesn’t make to much “dollar and sense”…

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...survival interest should outrank “short term price speculation” it is part of our growing out of the childhood pants process ( concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58993851/humanity-growing-out-of-its-childhood-pants/ ) that we need to stop fighting, create groups of WE against THEM replace war and conflict scenarios by smart and cultivated cooperation on a global scale, start to take better decision on base of what is wise, instead of what is short term profitable. Seasteading has a central role in implementing a better future by escaping short sighted and hindering politics in all its forms… i assume that a “parasitary business culture based on short term speculation” needs to be replaced by a better business culture too – the way to get there is finetuned social negociation of frame conditions, combined with better education – better technology will get us there. (concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t57838040/blockchain-technology/ ) If we can not make it at time things will trend to collaps ( concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58921987/sustainability-population-growth-consumption-growth-ocean-co/ ) and the oceanic survival ark (concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58935854/subdue-to-nobody/ ) will be the only left solution…



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algea biofuel, kelp, deep sea pyrolysis process
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An alternative to kelp is bladder based algea sistems...

 

Omega project - city wastewater treatment algea bladder sistem floating on the ocean offshore

blog.planetos.com/nasa-omega-project-the-ocean-as-a-platform-for-biofuel/

Integration of offshore oceanic sistems for fuel, food, energy, production is the key to cost feasibility. (Dr. Jonathan Trent - NASA Ames Research Center)

http://on.ted.com/Trent



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RE: algea biofuel, kelp, deep sea pyrolysis process, integration of offshore installations, omega
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Get a foothold in ocean colonization:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t49529137/oceanic-frontier-develpment-investment-foothold-in-ocean-col/

The Captain Nemo Lifestyle:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

Why oceanic business is the next big thing to come:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56680633/the-reasons-why-oceanic-business-is-the-next-big-thing-to-co/

Ocean sphere fish farming:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t55433095/ocean-sphere-the-next-wave-of-sustainable-fish-farming/

Ocean colonization gallery:

http://imulead.com/tolimared/concretesubmarine/picturegallery/concept/

Big things have small beginnings ocean colonization transition, potential:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58002383/big-things-have-small-beginnings-transition-capability-key-f/

Sustainability on Planet Earth only the oceans can safe us:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58921987/sustainability-population-growth-consumption-growth-ocean-co/

Free spirited oceanic lifestyle global mobility:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58935854/subdue-to-nobody/



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