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ben franklin drift dive
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http://navxdivingu.blogspot.com/2009/07/this-week-in-diving-history-july-14.html



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This Week in Diving History -- July 14, 1969 -- BEN FRANKLIN (PX-15) begins gulf stream drift diving mission.

 

This Week in Diving History -- July 14, 1969 -- BEN FRANKLIN (PX-15) begins gulf stream drift diving mission.

July 14, 1969 8:56 P.M. -- The Ben Franklin (PX-15) subsurface research vessel left surface off Palm Beach, Florida on a 30-day drift mission in the Gulf Stream with a crew of six. Its final destination would be 1500 miles north off of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. The vessel was named in honor of Benjamin Franklin who recognized, publicized and named the current "The Gulf Stream" in 1770.


Its Mission: to investigate the secrets of the Gulf Stream as it drifted northward at depths of 600-2,000 feet; to learn the effects on man of a long-duration, closed-environment stressful voyage; to demonstrate the engineering-operational concepts of long term submersible operation; and to conduct other scientific oceanographic studies.

This mission would be the longest privately-sponsored undersea experiment of its kind. It ended more than 30-days (and 1,444 nautical miles) later, when the Franklin and its crew of six surfaced some 300 miles south of Halifax, Nova Scotia on August 14, 1969 at 7:58 A.M. This was and remains an unparalleled feat -- no other mesoscaph has gone for a more extended or deep drift type mission. All that being said; here is why many have likely never heard of it. The Ben Franklin was greatly overshadowed by the Apollo 11 man on the moon mission that was launched only two days into the Franklins historic mission. Ben Franklin made a few more dives after 1969, including the first deep-sea dive for Dr. Robert Ballard, the discoverer of the wreck of the Titanic. Dr. Ballard said he has fond memories of the Franklin, as its large size and comfortable bunks gave him his best "sleep in the deep." Usually, submersibles are small, cramped and you spend hours in contortions with cold water from condensation dripping on you. Recently, the Ben Franklin was overhauled and preserved to be displayed at its final resting place where it proudly sits at the Vancouver Maritime Museum.

The following is an excerpt from the documentary "From Sea to Shining Sea" narrated by Walter Conkrite; regarding the Ben Franklin and its place in history:

"Timing is everything. In the summer of 1969, within one day of each other, two courageous crews set out to explore new frontiers. Both were missions of pure discovery. One would go to the Sea of Tranquility, the other to the massive eastern boundary current known as the Gulf Stream. One would completely obliterate the other in the world's awareness. For eight days in July, the world looked skyward, transfixed, as Apollo 11, with three astronauts aboard, rocketed to the Moon. No one noticed the launch of PX-15. Manned by six brave aquanauts, the mission of PX-15, in the mesoscaph Ben Franklin, endured a perilous 30 day, 1400 mile drift-dive deep in the Gulf Stream. Though regarded as an analogue to prolonged missions in space, it was little remarked and all but forgotten at the time. The achievements of Apollo 11 have since become a celebrated event in human history; the astronauts are American heroes. The achievements of PX-15 and her crew were never noticed, and remain in oblivion. While the world looked up toward the Moon as the Eagle tracked over the rugged terrain of the Moon and landed, the 50' Ben Franklin was drifting at 1200 feet, 40 feet off the bottom of the Continental Shelf, taking stereoscopic pictures of equally rugged terrain. While the astronauts walked and worked on the Moon nearly 240,000 miles away, the aquanauts carried out their mission under crushing pressures between 800 and 2000 feet deep in the ocean. The danger to both missions and both crews was extreme, with little margin for error and very little hope of recovery in the event of an accident or emergency. Yet, one returned to the accolades of an adoring world, while the other returned to the notice of almost no one. The coincidence of the Apollo 11 moon mission and the Ben Franklin Gulf Stream Mission in 1969 is a strange and rare historical event, one that involves two of my favorite subjects - space and ocean exploration."
- Walter Conkrite

Within a few years, the frontiers explored by Apollo 11 and PX-15 were abandoned and a golden age of human exploration came to an end. Sending something into the unknown has now largely replaced sending someone. As you hear about the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing, keep in mind the contributions of the Ben Franklin.

 

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Ocean concrete sphere habitat:

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Why we need ocean drift cages to become a massive industry now:

http://concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t58921987/sustainability-population-growth-consumption-growth-ocean-co/



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Concrete Floating Structures

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The Benjamin Franklin Drift dive leads directly to a "mobile submarine habitat" with worldwide travel capacity. Ben Franklin had 130 tons of displacement and accomodation for a crew of 4 for a expedition that lasted 1 month.

A hull of 200 tons would give comfort and luxury accomodation for the owner and his family in long range cruise mode doing worldwide travel in complete independence.



The captain nemo float out - seasteading

 

The hull we built for Ian in Cartagena is matching exactly this criteria being the space and accomodation equivalent of a 68 squaremeter city apartment.

 

6900904.jpg

 

 


Other than Ben Franklin which was towed into the golf stream by a surface support vessel due to its non streamlined shape and the resulting lack of dynamic mobility- the black hull in the picture above, can reach the golfstream and other currents by its own means using the built in diesel engine in snorkel mode.

Comming much nearer to the vision of a "captain nemo boat" to conquer the liquid space of our planet...

 




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concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

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concrete pressure vessel  ( 1 2 3 ) (Preview)

Discussion concrete pressure vessel building, what to look after, buckling, destruction depth, modelling, questions, answers, what to do, what to avoid, project setup, project cost... . . . . .  . .  . . . . .  .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I have come over to this site from psubs. i want to build a u-...

ben franklin drift dive (Preview)

This Week in Diving History -- July 14, 1969 -- BEN FRANKLIN (PX-15) begins gulf stream drift diving mission.  This Week in Diving History -- July 14, 1969 -- BEN FRANKLIN (PX-15) begins gulf stream drift diving mission. July 14, 1969 8:56 P.M. -- The Ben Franklin (PX-15) subsurface research vessel l...

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long distance travel with ocean currents biological models

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bubble captain bubble singapore (Preview)

bubble captain bubble singapore, seao2, project 4000miles in a sealed autosufficient bubble across the ocean.   In this context see also: ben franklin drift dive - drifting over an ocean in a small living space bubble. -- Edited by admin on Saturday 11th of January 2014 08:36:42 PM

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The captain nemo float out - seasteading  ( 1 2 ) (Preview)

  . . .. Let me  propose the "captain nemo float out" it is basicly building a "better yacht" that can stay in open ocean for long periods of time. Yachts can not stay in open ocean for long periods of time as the wave action makes staying there quite uncomfortable. Yachts are also built from materials tha...

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Submarino concreto en Navtech Cartagena Colombia   Submarino 200 tons / 18m x 4,6m /  concreto . .  .  . .  .  . . . . . . .       Prototipo 10mx2,5m / 20 tons /  construido en Austria 1996    Con este Prototipo que funciona como yate durante muchos años, se prueba todos los funciones de un submarino de concret...

Live aboard floating platform for the poor - aquaculture as a sustainable business  ( ) (Preview)

Living on the ocean is already happening - superyacht owners do it. Fact is, it is a very small and very exclusive segment of society, that has near to cero impact.  It was also discussed on other threads that using concrete shell structures we can lower the cost of a "floating live aboard homes" to aver...

depth control non compressible concrete hull (Preview)

A non compressible concrete hull can stabilize its flotaion at any depth with no use of depth control surfaces. This was first applied in the BEN FRANKLIN project. Although Ben Franklin features 4 electric motors which can turn around 360 degree - they are not intended for 24/7 hovering in a dynamic w...

Sub movement finished - Submarine Yacht  ( ) (Preview)

The movement to the waterline is finished. Looking for support and cooperation in future projects... ....... Unfortunatly we have to stop the movement at this point and send the launch team home. A new harbor captain is in charge and he is not comfortable with "launching a submarine in his jurisdict...

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deep sea treasure hunters, submarine yacht (Preview)

deep sea treasure hunters, submarine yacht, a submarine based on concrete spheres can be used for submarine salvage missions without a mothership. The minimum size would be about 130 cubic meter of living space (similar to Ben Franklin) to allow to supply all needs for a smal crew during a 1 month ind...

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When we talk about colonizing the oceans we should think about the most basic unit that will allow to survive on the open ocean As the development of the rescue boat shows a open boat  that gives you flotation is not enough (you would die from overexposion to the sun or get trown over by storms. So the kind...

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-- Edited by admin on Thursday 20th of November 2014 02:20:19 PM

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concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

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Why oceanic business is the next big thing to come:

concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56680633/the-reasons-why-oceanic-business-is-the-next-big-thing-to-co/

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Get a foothold in ocean colonization:

concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t49529137/oceanic-frontier-develpment-investment-foothold-in-ocean-col/

The Captain Nemo Lifestyle:

concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t43942461/the-captain-nemo-float-out-seasteading/

Why oceanic business is the next big thing to come:

concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56680633/the-reasons-why-oceanic-business-is-the-next-big-thing-to-co/

Ocean sphere fish farming:

concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t55433095/ocean-sphere-the-next-wave-of-sustainable-fish-farming/

Ocean colonization gallery:

imulead.com/tolimared/concretesubmarine/picturegallery/concept/

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concretesubmarine.activeboard.com/t56239662/oceanic-concrete-sphere-habitat/

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This drift Drive is amazing, I never thought it would be this much fun to have. 
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